What is Enlightenment in Christianity?
Enlightenment is the “full comprehension of a situation”. … Roughly equivalent terms in Christianity may be illumination, kenosis, metanoia, revelation, salvation, theosis, and conversion. Perennialists and Universalists view enlightenment and mysticism as equivalent terms for religious or spiritual insight.
How did the church react to the scientific revolution and Enlightenment?
The Church tested new theories to prove or disprove them. The Church embraced new discoveries as signs from God. The Church persecuted scientists who challenged religious teachings. The Catholic Church believed these new discoveries would lead to people converting to different religious institutions.
What was the impact of the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment helped combat the excesses of the church, establish science as a source of knowledge, and defend human rights against tyranny. It also gave us modern schooling, medicine, republics, representative democracy, and much more.
How did the church respond to the challenges of the Enlightenment?
How did the Church respond to the challenges of the scientific revolution and the Enlightenment? the church continued to teach the truths of faith. Church made it clear that the Bible is not a book of science, but a book of faith that teaches great spiritual truths.
Did the church support the Enlightenment?
For centuries, the Catholic Church had characterized human beings as naturally sinful and in need of forgiveness through religion. Enlightenment philosophy was in direct opposition to this because of their positive emphasis on the importance of the individual.
How did the clergy feel about the Enlightenment?
Under this system, people of France were divided into the estates. What did the majority of clergy and nobility scorn? They said: Enlightenment ideas were radical notions that threatened their status an power as privileged persons. … Also wanted to tax Clergy.
In what way was the Enlightenment a revolution?
The idea of society as a social contract, however, contrasted sharply with the realities of actual societies. Thus, the Enlightenment became critical, reforming, and eventually revolutionary. … Such powerful ideas found expression as reform in England and as revolution in France and America.