What is a tympanum in a church?
A tympanum (plural, tympana; from Greek and Latin words meaning “drum”) is the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, door or window, which is bounded by a lintel and an arch. … Alternatively, the tympanum may hold an inscription, or in modern times, a clock face.
What was the purpose of Romanesque tympanum?
In romanesque and gothic architecture this term provides a semicircular or pointed field filling the space between the lintel and portals archivolt, usually filled with bas relief.
When was the tympanum made?
This Gothic sculpture stone was created between 1220-1240 (University of Michigan) . This scene places Christ in the center, with souls being granted or denied access to Heaven beneath him. The figures in the space are formed into a gothic style pointed arch.
What does the tympanum depict?
In the arch of the door (the tympanum) is often a significant sculpture representing scenes from Christian Theology, most frequently Christ in Majesty and Judgment Day.
Where is the architectural feature tympanum found?
Tympanum (architecture), an architectural element located within the arch or pediment. Tympanum (anatomy), a hearing organ/gland in frogs and toads, a flat red oval on both sides of a frog’s head. Tympanum, in biology, the eardrum.
What does the tympanum at Autun portray?
The left side of the tympanum displays the rise to the heavenly kingdom, and on the right is a portrayal of the demons in hell with an angel and a devil weighing the souls on a balance. … Peter guards the gate to heaven and looks on as resurrected individuals attempt to squeeze in with the assistance of the angels.
Who invented tympanum?
The tympanum was invented in ancient Egypt in the first half of the 3rd century BC, and later appears in Greek, Christian and Islamic architecture. In Greek and Christian architecture, tympanums usually contained religious scenes. Bands of molding surrounding the tympanum are referred to as the archivolt.
What is significant about nun Guda’s self portrait?
What is significant about Nun Guda’s self-portrait? It is the earliest signed self-portrait by a woman. When was the Bayeux Tapestry made?