Why was the Church of the Holy Sepulchre destroyed?
Constantine the Great first built a church on the site. It was dedicated about AD 336, burned by the Persians in 614, restored by Modestus (the abbot of the monastery of Theodosius, 616-626), destroyed by the caliph al-Hakim Bi-Amr Allah about 1009, and restored by the Byzantine emperor Constantine Monomachus.
Who owns the Church of the Holy Sepulchre?
“I have been doing this for 30 years and I feel that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is my second home.” The Greek Orthodox, Armenian and Roman Catholic denominations share custody of the church, where tensions often run high over control of its various sectors.
How did the destruction of Jerusalem affect Christianity?
The destruction was an important point in the separation of Christianity from its Jewish roots: many Christians responded by distancing themselves from the rest of Judaism, as reflected in the Gospels, which portray Jesus as anti-Temple and view the destruction of the temple as punishment for rejection of Jesus.
Who stole the True Cross?
Battle between Heraclius and Chosroes
The True Cross became famous over the centuries as it performed miracle after miracle. According to the legend, the Sassanian king Chosroes II (590-628; Khosrau in Persian) coveting its power, stole the relic and used it to subjugate his citizens.