How did Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation?
The Roman Catholic Church responded with a Counter-Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent and spearheaded by the new order of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), specifically organized to counter the Protestant movement. In general, Northern Europe, with the exception of most of Ireland, turned Protestant.
What was the Catholic Church’s response to the Protestant Reformation quizlet?
As Protestantism spread, the Catholic Church responded with a program of serious reform. It clarified its teachings, corrected abuses, and tried to win people back to Catholicism. This movement within the Catholic Church is called the COUNTER-REFORMATION.
How did the Catholic Church respond to corruption and criticisms?
How did the Catholic Church initially react to Luther’s 95 Theses? The Catholic Church responded by generating its own Reformation and Pope Pius IV appointed leaders to reform the church and he established the Jesuits (leader Ignatius of Loyola who founded the order of Jesuits a group of priests).
Why were the Protestants unhappy with the Catholic Church?
Some felt that the Catholic Church was more interested in money and power than in saving souls. For example, the church sold ‘indulgences’ for those who had committed sins. For a fine, paid to the church, your sin would be forgiven and when you died, the Church said that you would go to heaven.
How did the Catholic Church respond to Luther?
Luther believed that salvation could be achieved through faith alone. The Church responded by labeling Luther a heretic, forbidding the reading or publication of his 95 Theses, and threatening Luther with excommunication. Luther refused to recant his beliefs.
How did the Catholic Church respond to Luther’s criticism of indulgences?
In these theses, Luther questioned the Catholic Church’s sale of indulgences to reduce punishment in Purgatory for sins and argued that faith, not works, led to salvation. The Catholic Church’s first response to his theses was to summons him to Augsburg in 1518 to argue his position before Cardinal Thomas Cajeton.
What were John Wycliffe’s main three criticisms of the church quizlet?
Answer Expert Verified. John Wycliffe’s main three criticisms of the Church is: Wealth of the clergy, authority of the pope, and teaching transubstantiation. For the information of the one reading this, John Wycliffe was a theologian and also a Biblical Translator.
How did the Catholic Church respond to the 95 Theses quizlet?
How did the Catholic Church respond to the Ninety-Five Theses? It condemned the list and asked the writer to recant it.
What were the complaints against the Catholic Church?
People felt that the clergy and the pope had become too political. The way the church raised money was also considered unfair. The sale of pardons or indulgences was unpopular. An indulgence provided a relaxation of penalties for sins people had committed.
What complaints did the Protestants have about the Catholic Church?
What complaints did protestants have about the Catholic church? They complained about how they abused power and were too wealthy. Why did Philip II of Spain want to drive protestants out of England, how did Queen Elizabeth I respond to Spain’s aggression? Because he was a devout catholic.