How did the Enlightenment affect the church?
The Enlightenment underlined an individual’s natural rights to choose one’s faith. The Awakening contributed by setting dissenting churches against establishments and trumpeting the right of dissenters to worship as they pleased without state interference.
How did the church respond to Enlightenment ideas?
For centuries, the Catholic Church had characterized human beings as naturally sinful and in need of forgiveness through religion. Enlightenment philosophy was in direct opposition to this because of their positive emphasis on the importance of the individual.
How did the church react to the scientific revolution and Enlightenment?
The Church tested new theories to prove or disprove them. The Church embraced new discoveries as signs from God. The Church persecuted scientists who challenged religious teachings. The Catholic Church believed these new discoveries would lead to people converting to different religious institutions.
How did the Enlightenment challenge religion?
Enlightenment thinkers sought to curtail the political power of organized religion, and thereby prevent another age of intolerant religious war. A number of novel ideas developed, including Deism (belief in God the Creator, with no reference to the Bible or any other source) and atheism.
Which thought of the Enlightenment age did help to separate between church and state?
The “Radical Enlightenment” promoted the concept of separating church and state, an idea that is often credited to English philosopher John Locke (1632–1704).
What is Enlightenment in Christianity?
Enlightenment is the “full comprehension of a situation”. … Roughly equivalent terms in Christianity may be illumination, kenosis, metanoia, revelation, salvation, theosis, and conversion. Perennialists and Universalists view enlightenment and mysticism as equivalent terms for religious or spiritual insight.
What was the impact of the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment helped combat the excesses of the church, establish science as a source of knowledge, and defend human rights against tyranny. It also gave us modern schooling, medicine, republics, representative democracy, and much more.
How did the Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation?
The Roman Catholic Church responded with a Counter-Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent and spearheaded by the new order of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), specifically organized to counter the Protestant movement. In general, Northern Europe, with the exception of most of Ireland, turned Protestant.
How did the Catholic Church respond to the scientific revolution group of answer choices?
The Church felt threatened (“both its teachings and authority were under attack”), and attacked some prominent scientists. Bruno was burned at the stake. Galileo was made to renounce his beliefs.
How did the Catholic Church respond to the French Revolution?
In August 1789, the State cancelled the taxing power of the Church. The issue of Church property became central to the policies of the new revolutionary government. On 13 April 1791, the Pope denounced the Constitution, resulting in a split in the French Catholic Church.